Archery in Ancient China

November 29th, 2009 5 comments

Archaeological discoveries proved that archery in China dates back 20,000 years. Practical archery takes three conditions: a bow strong enough to propel arrows, arrows that are sharp enough to kill, and a technique to ensure the stability of arrows in flight. The bow and arrow in ancient China fully met the three conditions. Archaeologists have unearthed finely made arrowheads in a site of the Paleolithic Age in Shanxi Province. Made of stone, the arrowheads were sharp and pointed, and could be mounted on a shaft. No bow was found at the site, since bows were usually made of wood,  bamboo and perhaps tendon of animals and could not remain intact for so many years. But the arrowheads were enough to prove the existence of bows.

As for how to keep the arros stable in flight, Kao-Gong-Ji, the earliest work on science and technology in China, writes under the item of THE ARCHER: “Decide the proportions of the shaft to install the feathers.  The feathers at the end of the shaft are installed in three directions, and then the arrowhead is mounted. An arrow thus made will not lose its balance even in strong winds.” It also says, “When the feathers are too many, the arrows will slow down; when the feathers are too few, the arrow will become unstable.” Later on, ancient Chinese developed bronze arrowheads and the crossbow, upgreading archery to a new height.

Picture of using archery with feet in ancient China:

a pic of using archery with feet in ancient China

MEET THE TEAM: CHINA’S WORLD CHAMPION PARA WOMEN

September 15th, 2017 Comments off

The Chinese recurve women defend their World Archery Para Champion title on home soil in Beijing.
The defending world champions matched the world record on home soil in qualifying at the 2017 World Para Archery Championships, and secured a gold medal match berth against Italy.

The top-seeded recurve women’s open team in Beijing, China is represented by Lin Dandan, Wu Chunyan and Cai Geya at these worlds. Lin and Wu both return from the title-winning Chinese team at Donaueschingen 2015, where they beat Russia in the final.
We found out what makes them tick.

WHAT ORDER DO YOU SHOOT IN AND WHY?
Wu: Lin, Cai, then me. Why? We are just used to it. It’s like a secret agreement. And we encourage each other and cheer for each other that way.
WHAT’S A FULL TRAINING REGIME LIKE? HOW MANY ARROWS PER DAY?
Cai: Maybe 500? That’s a lot!
Wu: It’s not set. When we are practicing hard for competition, it’s a lot. When we are relaxing, it will be a lot less.
Lin: About 400-500.

WHO’S THE TEAM LEADER? WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO DO?
[Everybody points at Wu.]
Wu: What do I do? I gather everyone to do the routine exercises before practice, and get everybody going. When our coaches have orders, I pass them on.
WHAT DOES THE CHINESE TEAM FOCUS ON THAT YOU THINK OTHER TEAMS DON’T FOCUS ON?
Wu: We are together.
Cai: We try and bring out the performance in our daily practice. If you are satisfied with your performance in the match, you really don’t think too much about the performance of other teams. Read more…

China win second archery gold of Rio Paralympics

September 17th, 2016 Comments off

RIO DE JANEIRO, Sept. 12 (Xinhua) — China secured their second archery gold medal of the Rio Paralympics when Ai Xinliang and Zhou Jiamin beat Britain’s Jodie Grinham and John Stubbs 151-143 in the mixed team compound event in Rio.
Zhou jiamin RIO2016
In the bronze medal match, South Korea’s Kim Mi-Soon and Lee Ouk-Soo defeated Turkey’s Handan Biroglu and Bulent Korkmaz 138-128.
China’s other archery gold medal here came on Sunday when Wu Chunyan and Zhao Lixue won the mixed team recurve final.
Editor: Zhang Dongmiao

RIO DE JANEIRO, Sept. 16 (Xinhua) — Zhou Jiamin defeated fellow Chinese archer Lin Yeshan in the final to clinch gold in the women’s individual compound at the Rio Paralympics on Friday.

“I am very happy, but I am also very happy that Lin won silver,” Zhou told the Paralympic News Service. “We are very close friends and we both medalled.”
“We are finished with this Paralympics. I want to keep competing and still try my best for our country.”

In the bronze medal match, South Korea’s Kim Mi-Soon defeated Iran’s Abbaspour Somayeh.
Editor: Mu Xuequan

Source: Xinhua

Horseback Archery Training and Gaming

December 28th, 2015 Comments off

Horseback Archery Training and Gaming