Archery in Ancient China

November 29th, 2009 5 comments

Archaeological discoveries proved that archery in China dates back 20,000 years. Practical archery takes three conditions: a bow strong enough to propel arrows, arrows that are sharp enough to kill, and a technique to ensure the stability of arrows in flight. The bow and arrow in ancient China fully met the three conditions. Archaeologists have unearthed finely made arrowheads in a site of the Paleolithic Age in Shanxi Province. Made of stone, the arrowheads were sharp and pointed, and could be mounted on a shaft. No bow was found at the site, since bows were usually made of wood,  bamboo and perhaps tendon of animals and could not remain intact for so many years. But the arrowheads were enough to prove the existence of bows.

As for how to keep the arros stable in flight, Kao-Gong-Ji, the earliest work on science and technology in China, writes under the item of THE ARCHER: “Decide the proportions of the shaft to install the feathers.  The feathers at the end of the shaft are installed in three directions, and then the arrowhead is mounted. An arrow thus made will not lose its balance even in strong winds.” It also says, “When the feathers are too many, the arrows will slow down; when the feathers are too few, the arrow will become unstable.” Later on, ancient Chinese developed bronze arrowheads and the crossbow, upgreading archery to a new height.

Picture of using archery with feet in ancient China:

a pic of using archery with feet in ancient China

China win second archery gold of Rio Paralympics

September 17th, 2016 Comments off

RIO DE JANEIRO, Sept. 12 (Xinhua) — China secured their second archery gold medal of the Rio Paralympics when Ai Xinliang and Zhou Jiamin beat Britain’s Jodie Grinham and John Stubbs 151-143 in the mixed team compound event in Rio.
Zhou jiamin RIO2016
In the bronze medal match, South Korea’s Kim Mi-Soon and Lee Ouk-Soo defeated Turkey’s Handan Biroglu and Bulent Korkmaz 138-128.
China’s other archery gold medal here came on Sunday when Wu Chunyan and Zhao Lixue won the mixed team recurve final.
Editor: Zhang Dongmiao

RIO DE JANEIRO, Sept. 16 (Xinhua) — Zhou Jiamin defeated fellow Chinese archer Lin Yeshan in the final to clinch gold in the women’s individual compound at the Rio Paralympics on Friday.

“I am very happy, but I am also very happy that Lin won silver,” Zhou told the Paralympic News Service. “We are very close friends and we both medalled.”
“We are finished with this Paralympics. I want to keep competing and still try my best for our country.”

In the bronze medal match, South Korea’s Kim Mi-Soon defeated Iran’s Abbaspour Somayeh.
Editor: Mu Xuequan

Source: Xinhua

NW China major archery competition

September 14th, 2015 Comments off

When the 1st “Li Guang Cup” International Archery Invitational Tournament took place in the city of Tianshui, Contestants taking aim at the archery tournament, in Tianshui, Gansu, on Sept 9.Gansu province Sept 9 – 11, it had as many as 50 delegations, with 300 contestants, from China, the United States, France and other countries taking part.

In expressing his pride in the event, Yang Weijun, Tianshui‘s mayor, said at the opening ceremony, “Tinshui expects to carry on the tradition of Chinese archery culture and Chinese sports and continue this archery event,” then he added, “We also hope to publicize our culture this time”.

Tianshui has a long history and culture and is the home of famous figures, such as Li Guang, a general of the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24), who was said to have shot an arrow into a rock, and the source of the competition’s name.

Li Guang was known for his bravery and toughness in the battlefield, and was nicknamed the “Flying General” by his Staff clear a target at the 1st 'Li Guang Cup' International Archery Tournament, in Gansu.Xiongnu enemies.

Sponsors of the event are the Chinese Archery Association and Gansu Sports Bureau.

Source: By Li Xiaoxu (chinadaily.com.cn)
Edited by Roger Bradshaw
Photo/xinhuanet & Tianshui (qinzhou.gscn.com.cn), more photos Read more…

Life about crossbow shooting

August 12th, 2015 Comments off

ORDOS, Inner Mongolia, Aug. 12 (Xinhua)crossbow shooting
They all come from Nujiang, southwest China’s Yunnan Province, but represent different teams to compete here at the ongoing 10th Chinese Ethnic Games. For these shooters of ethnic Lisu, crossbow is life.
“Our group of people love crossbow, especially the men,” said Yu Siyi,coach of Team Yunnan, the favourite of the traditional crossbow shooting at the ethnic games. “We bring the crossbow along no matter where we are going to and play crossbow shooting almost every weekend.”
crossbow shooting -2Taking aim, firing and competitors trying to hit the bull’s eye, the game of crossbow shooting is similar to archery, but the shooters don’t need to pull the bow while they put the arrow in a slot to fire it with a trigger.
At Nujiang, ethnic Lisu account for almost 70 percent of the 540,000 population. “There are men and women, young and old playing crossbow shooting. Boys even begin to shoot at the age of five and their crossbows are made by their parents,” said Yu.
The traditional crossbow is made of wood and the arrow is made of bamboo. Zhong Xingcai just makes crossbows for living.
“I’m good at making crossbows. I can earn 80,000 to 90,000 yuan every year,” said the craftsman competing for Team Yunnan. Read more…